The first game of golf on record took place in 1456 at the Bruntsfield Links in Edinburgh, Scottland. The game became so popular that throughout the 15th century it spread to England and the British Isles. Although some of the oldest courses are located in Great Britain, Scottland is golf's home.
Originally, it was played on extremely rough conditions in open fields. To begin with there were a total of 22 holes eventually reduced to 11 holes. Towards the end of the 15th Century it was decided to make 18 holes the standard of play.
In it's origin golf was played with a “feathery,” a golf ball that had a leather outer- and was stuffed with wet feathers which when dried, became very firm. The feathery could be hit about 100 to 125 yards.